What is Prader-Willi syndrome, the chronic over eating disorder this beauty pageant winner has?

Yahoo Lifestyle

When 15-year-old Anna Hankins accepted the title of Miss Amazing in Chicago, the Mississippi teen was beaming not only because of the award, but also because of the opportunity to raise awareness about her rare condition. At 380 pounds, Hankins suffers from Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), an unusual genetic disorder that leaves her constantly hungry.

“When she was little, the first words out of her mouth were ‘I’m hungry,’” the teen’s mom, Jennifer Hankins, told SWNS. “She eats anything she can get.”

Prader-Willi syndrome is a debilitating condition that occurs in roughly 1 out of every 15,000 births. A nonprofit dedicated to PWS defines it as “a complex genetic disorder affecting appetite, growth, metabolism, cognitive function, and behavior.” The condition is marked by a dysfunction of the hypothalamus, which regulates hunger.

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Scientists have narrowed down the cause of the condition to an abnormality of chromosome 15 but have yet to determine what sparks the abnormality in the first place.

Hankins at the Miss Amazing beauty pageant. (Photo: SWNS)
Hankins at the Miss Amazing beauty pageant. (Photo: SWNS)

The first signs of PWS begin in infancy, with weak muscles, difficulty feeding, and delayed development. By early childhood, the condition begins to manifest as an insatiable appetite, which often leads to overeating and, in turn, early-onset obesity. As people with PWS get older, they often experience intellectual disabilities (either mild or moderate) and exhibit specific characteristics such as small hands and feet, a narrow forehead, and short stature.

Due to their insatiable appetite, people with PWS are more likely to develop type II diabetes and to experience other obesity-related health conditions. According to the Foundation for Prader-Willi Research, the condition can be diagnosed through a blood test at birth, and early treatments such as human growth hormone (which people with PWS are deficient in) can help.

But as with many rare genetic disorders, scientists are still working to fully understand PWS. As it stands now, controlling the desire to overeat remains the biggest obstacle to a normal life. It’s something that Anna’s mom says her daughter understands all too well. “There isn’t food she doesn’t like,” said Jennifer. “She would get in the garbage can or drink a bowl of milk we hadn’t thrown out. She can’t control it.”

Although Hankins is on an extremely strict diet (just 900 calories a day), she struggles to lose weight and to control how much she eats. “I have Prader-Willi syndrome and I get hungry a lot,” Anna told SWNS. “It can be difficult to deal with sometimes.” It’s for this reason that the teen chose to participate in the beauty pageant Miss Amazing, a competition specifically designed for girls with disabilities.

There, she’s not just a teen with a rare genetic condition; she’s also a beauty queen. “I love Miss Amazing,” said Anna. “My favorite thing is singing and makeup and hair.”

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