Fourth-Place Medal

Muslim Olympians’ difficult choice: Fast for Ramadan or follow athletes’ diet?

Fourth-Place Medal

Photos: This week in London

When the 2012 London Olympics schedule was released six years ago, some Muslim groups claimed it showed a "complete lack of awareness and sensitivity" since they ran entirely during the holy month of Ramadan, which begins on July 20.

There are expected to be over 3,000 Muslim athletes participating in the London Games, each of them facing this collision between faith and science: Should they adhere to the sunrise-to-sunset fasting mandated for Ramadan, or continue with their suggested nutritional intake as Olympic athletes?

[ Related: Saudi Arabia sends two female athletes to London ]

Maher Abu Rmeileh, a judo champion and the first Palestinian to qualify for the Games, told EuroNews he would be fasting during the Games. "I know for sure that this won't affect our performance. We are ready to compete and it doesn't matter if it's Ramadan or not" he said.

But many other Muslim athletes have opted not to fast while competing in London, with some surprising justifications.

Egyptian athletes were given a special dispensation from the nation's high cleric, allowing them to eat and drink during training and coaching. From SNTV:

Boxer Sadaf Rahimi of Afghanistan, who will compete in head-to-toe covering designed for athletes, is another Muslim athlete who found an exception for Ramadan. From TIME.com:

Rahimi has said she will not fast while she is in London, citing an historic exemption for travelers. Ghulam Naseri, an Islamic scholar from her hometown of Kabul, says that the Koran makes allowances for travelers "more than a camel ride away from home." She will make up those missed days of fasting when she is back in Afghanistan and no longer worried about being at her physical peak.

Then there's Mohammad Sbihi, a British rower, who opted not to fast and worked with religious leaders to instead "donate 1,800 meals to the poor, 60 meals per day of not fasting, to fulfill his spiritual obligations," according to Aryn Baker of TIME.

[ Related: Palestinian first ever to qualify for Olympic Games ]

Still, there will be hundreds of Muslim athletes who will choose to follow the tenets of Islam and fast during the London Games; so, will it affect their ability to succeed?

Ronald Maughan, a sports scientist from Britain's Loughborough University, told Reuters that the physical adversity the athletes will face may be balanced out by the strong mental and spiritual benefits from the holy month.

From Reuters in May 2012:

Maughan led a team of scientists who reviewed more than 400 research articles on Ramadan and selected those relevant to sporting performance. They found that "actual responses vary quite widely, depending on culture and the individual's level and type of athletic involvement".

"There are often small decreases of performance, particularly in activities requiring vigorous and/or repetitive muscular contraction," the team wrote in the review, published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine (BJSM) this month.

But they concluded that in most situations "Ramadan observance has had only limited adverse consequences for either training or competitive performance".

That said, many Muslim Olympians are still opting to push their fast until after the competitions are over — as difficult as that is.

Said Australian taekwondo competitor Carman Marton to the Courier Mail: "It is good for our Olympic preparation but obviously we would prefer to do Ramadan when everyone else does it. It is a really good family bonding time."

Related video

More Olympic coverage from Yahoo!:
Marc J. Spears: Five questions facing Team USA heading into Olympics
Martin Rogers: Looking at the Olympic events the U.S. has never won
Why women tend to prefer the Olympics over other televised sports

Sign up for Yahoo Fantasy Hockey
Sorry you didn't like this comment. Please provide a reason below.

Are you sure?
Rating failed. Try again.
Request failed. Try again.
We will promote constructive and witty comments to the top, so everyone sees them!
Sorry, we can’t load comments right now. Try again.
    • Beckham baffled by exchange as Giants lose to Steelers 24-14

      Beckham baffled by exchange as Giants lose to Steelers 24-14

      Odell Beckham Jr. is trying to turn over a new leaf. Not after what Beckham described as an unsettling exchange with one official and a series of non-calls when he felt a flag was in order. ''You can't sit there and rely on the refs, obviously,'' … More »

      AP - Sports - 5 minutes ago
    • Simmonds leads Flyers past Predators 4-2 for 5th straight

      Simmonds leads Flyers past Predators 4-2 for 5th straight

      Wayne Simmonds scored two power-play goals and the Philadelphia Flyers beat the Nashville Predators 4-2 on Sunday night to win their fifth consecutive game. Playing in front of a sellout crowd, the Flyers (14-10-3) earned their second road victory … More »

      AP - Sports - 7 minutes ago
    • A letterman: Half-century later, Schuerholz gets Hall call

      A letterman: Half-century later, Schuerholz gets Hall call

      John Schuerholz was perfectly happy at his job, teaching world geography and English to eighth graders in suburban Baltimore. Something the one-time Towson University second baseman wrote to the owner of the hometown Orioles, saying he really … More »

      AP - Sports - 8 minutes ago
    • Benfica and Napoli face showdown after slip-ups

      Benfica and Napoli face showdown after slip-ups

      Having squandered numerous chances to clinch their knockout stage place, Benfica and Napoli face a Champions League showdown on Tuesday knowing they will only have themselves to blame if they are eliminated. The Group B match could easily have been … More »

      Reuters - 15 minutes ago
    • Carr leads another rally for Raiders in 38-24 win over Bills

      Carr leads another rally for Raiders in 38-24 win over Bills

      When the Buffalo Bills took a 15-point lead midway through the third quarter, the game was right in the comfort zone for the Oakland Raiders. Derek Carr led yet another comeback with two touchdown passes in the second half and Khalil Mack helped … More »

      AP - Sports - 19 minutes ago